QuickTest Pro How to Test a REST Service

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In this video, I show a quick example on how to use QuickTest Pro 11 and WinHttp to test a REST service. The QTP web-addin is not needed for this example.

Below is the code used for this example:

Set myRestBody = XMLUtil.CreateXMLFromFile("C:\body.xml") 
restRequest = myRestBody.ToString
url ="http://localhost:24240/HPFlights_REST/FlightOrders/"
contentType ="text/XML"
'1) Create reference to the WinHTTP request com object
 Set oWinHttp = CreateObject("WinHttp.WinHttpRequest.5.1") 
 '2) Open a HTTP connection to a HTTP resource 
 oWinHttp.Open "POST", url, False
 '3) Add a HTTP request headers for endpoint and conent type
 oWinHttp.setRequestHeader "Content-Type", contentType 	oWinHttp.setRequestHeader "SOAPAction", url
'4) Send a HTTP request to the HTTP server with the header and body info
oWinHttp.Send restRequest
'5) Get response
 response = oWinHttp.ResponseText
'6) Close object reference 
Set oWinHttp = Nothing
'7) print the response
print response

 

 

 

 

18 responses to “QuickTest Pro How to Test a REST Service”

  1. hi joe,
    i have a xml, public key and a private key. i would like to know if i can digitially sign this xml and then send it to a webservice using qtp. not the service test.
    thank you

    • shaan » Hi Shaan – I’m not sure how to do this. Have you taken a look at the AddAttachment or AddHeader Methods of the WebService object? Good Luck ~Joe

  2. Hi Joe
    thanks for you code. I have to authenticate before
    ‘4) Send a HTTP request to the HTTP server with the header and body info
    oWinHttp.Send restRequest
    How do i do that?

    Thanks
    Sarma

    • Sarma » Hi Sarma – you might want to try using the SetCredentials method. The SetCredentials method sets credentials to be used with an HTTP server, whether it is a proxy server or an originating server.

      Const HTTPREQUEST_SETCREDENTIALS_FOR_SERVER = 0

      WinHttpReq.SetCredentials “yourusername”, ourHTTPREQUEST_SETCREDENTIALS_FOR_SERVER

      For more info check out: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa384058(v=vs.85).aspx

      Cheers,
      Joe

  3. Hi Joe

    if “contentType = application/x-www-form-urlencoded”, the request format should be Post Form, and how to send a request?

    Susu

  4. Hi Joe,

    Very thank you for you Video on how to test Rest Service. I did what you suggested. I am getting Response in Json format, But I need it in XML format. Is I am doing any mistakes? Please let me know your comments?
    For your information, I am getting response in XML format when i send the request through SOUP 3.6.1 service.

    • M Sivateja » Hi what rest service are you trying to test? Also is there anything else in the error msg or is it just internal error?

  5. hi

    while running the same example i am getting error at line number 5… Invalid character
    Line (5): “contentType =”application/json””.

    can u please help on this

  6. Hi Joe,
    I am trying to automate rest services API using QTP, which returns the response in JSON format. What are the changes to be done on the above sample script to perform a Search operation ( GET). I have modified the content type= “application/json”. Any help on this is highly appreciated.

    Thanks in Advance,
    Jas

  7. Hi Joe,

    As Jas mentioned, I am testing REST service which returns JSON format. What changes need to be done for ‘GET’ operation

  8. Hi Joe,

    One question, If I want to parameterize my rest request for different data inputs, how can we do that with above script.

    Thanks,
    Ranjith

  9. I was trying to automate this restful service but when i use this code i was getting “The remote server returned an error: (407) Proxy Authentication Required” … Does anyone have code to resolve this issue?

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