ASCII CHR() CODE CHART for QTP, UFT and Selenium

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ASCII

What is ASCII and Why it's Helpful to Know

ASCII stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange, and it is a character encoding scheme based on the English alphabet.

Why does this matter?

For software development or automation of keyboard or mouse actions using automation tools like Unified functional testing or Selenium, this is very helpful.

For example, QuickTest Professional (QTP) and Unified Functional Testing (UFT) have two built-in functions (ASC and Chr) that are helpful to know when you need to work with ASCII info.

FYI this info here is not specific to QTP. Since ASCII is a standard any tool/language that you use would use the same Chr codes below. Also I originally posted this in 2010 but  the principles I cover are timeless)

 

INDEX
What is ASCII and Why it's Helpful to Know
Common ASCII Codes (The Most Used By QTP, And UFT Or Any Other Tool) Image Source
Here are some of the most common QTP ASCII character codes I often use:
Chart for All the Valid Chr() Codes
How can you actually use this?
ASC() Function
Chr() Function
What about mouse and keyboard actions in UFT or QTP?
What about Sending Keyboard Keys using Selenium?

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Common ASCII Codes (The Most Used By QTP, And UFT Or Any Other Tool)

ASCII Laptop Image

Here are some of the most common QTP ASCII character codes I often use:

QTP CODE SYMBOL DESCRIPTION
Chr(34) Double Quotes
Chr(10) Line Feed
Chr(13) Carriage Return
Chr(32) Space

Chart for All the Valid Chr() Codes

QTP CODE SYMBOL DESCRIPTION
Chr(0) NUL Null char
Chr(1) SOH Start of Heading
Chr(2) STX Start of Text
Chr(3) ETX End of Text
Chr(4) EOT End of Transmission
Chr(5) ENQ Enquiry
Chr(6) ACK Acknowledgment
Chr(7) BEL Bell
Chr(8) BS Back Space
Chr(9) HT Horizontal Tab
Chr(10) LF Line Feed
Chr(11) VT Vertical Tab
Chr(12) FF Form Feed
Chr(13) CR Carriage Return
Chr(14) SO Shift Out / X-On
Chr(15) SI Shift In / X-Off
Chr(16) DLE Data Line Escape
Chr(17) DC1 Device Control 1 (oft. XON)
Chr(18) DC2 Device Control 2
Chr(19) DC3 Device Control 3 (oft. XOFF)
Chr(20) DC4 Device Control 4
Chr(21) NAK Negative Acknowledgement
Chr(22) SYN Synchronous Idle
Chr(23) ETB End of Transmit Block
Chr(24) CAN Cancel
Chr(25) EM End of Medium
Chr(26) SUB Substitute
Chr(27) ESC Escape
Chr(28) FS File Separator
Chr(29) GS Group Separator
Chr(30) RS Record Separator
Chr(31) US Unit Separator
Chr(32) Space
Chr(33) ! Exclamation mark
Chr(34) Double quotes (or speech marks)
Chr(35) # Number
Chr(36) $ Dollar
Chr(37) % Procenttecken
Chr(38) & Ampersand
Chr(39) Single quote
Chr(40) ( Open parenthesis (or open bracket)
Chr(41) ) Close parenthesis (or close bracket)
Chr(42) * Asterisk
Chr(43) + Plus
Chr(44) , Comma
Chr(45) Hyphen
Chr(46) . Period, dot or full stop
Chr(47) / Slash or divide
Chr(48) 0 Zero
Chr(49) 1 One
Chr(50) 2 Two
Chr(51) 3 Three
Chr(52) 4 Four
Chr(53) 5 Five
Chr(54) 6 Six
Chr(55) 7 Seven
Chr(56) 8 Eight
Chr(57) 9 Nine
Chr(58) : Colon
Chr(59) ; Semicolon
Chr(60) < Less than (or open angled bracket)
Chr(61) = Equals
Chr(62) > Greater than (or close angled bracket)
Chr(63) ? Question mark
Chr(64) @ At symbol
Chr(65) A Uppercase A
Chr(66) B Uppercase B
Chr(67) C Uppercase C
Chr(68) D Uppercase D
Chr(69) E Uppercase E
Chr(70) F Uppercase F
Chr(71) G Uppercase G
Chr(72) H Uppercase H
Chr(73) I Uppercase I
Chr(74) J Uppercase J
Chr(75) K Uppercase K
Chr(76) L Uppercase L
Chr(77) M Uppercase M
Chr(78) N Uppercase N
Chr(79) O Uppercase O
Chr(80) P Uppercase P
Chr(81) Q Uppercase Q
Chr(82) R Uppercase R
Chr(83) S Uppercase S
Chr(84) T Uppercase T
Chr(85) U Uppercase U
Chr(86) V Uppercase V
Chr(87) W Uppercase W
Chr(88) X Uppercase X
Chr(89) Y Uppercase Y
Chr(90) Z Uppercase Z
Chr(91) [ Opening bracket
Chr(92) \ Backslash
Chr(93) ] Closing bracket
Chr(94) ^ Caret – circumflex
Chr(95) _ Underscore
Chr(96) ` Grave accent
Chr(97) a Lowercase a
Chr(98) b Lowercase b
Chr(99) c Lowercase c
Chr(100) d Lowercase d
Chr(101) e Lowercase e
Chr(102) f Lowercase f
Chr(103) g Lowercase g
Chr(104) h Lowercase h
Chr(105) i Lowercase i
Chr(106) j Lowercase j
Chr(107) k Lowercase k
Chr(108) l Lowercase l
Chr(109) m Lowercase m
Chr(110) n Lowercase n
Chr(111) o Lowercase o
Chr(112) p Lowercase p
Chr(113) q Lowercase q
Chr(114) r Lowercase r
Chr(115) s Lowercase s
Chr(116) t Lowercase t
Chr(117) u Lowercase u
Chr(118) v Lowercase v
Chr(119) w Lowercase w
Chr(120) x Lowercase x
Chr(121) y Lowercase y
Chr(122) z Lowercase z
Chr(123) { Opening brace
Chr(124) | Vertical bar
Chr(125) } Closing brace
Chr(126) ~ Equivalency sign – tilde
Chr(127) Delete

 

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How can you actually use this?

ASC() Function

ASC()  is a QTP function that returns the code of the character passed to it. For example, if you wanted to know what the ASCII/ANSI code for the pound symbol #:

Msgbox Asc(“#”),

The above will return the code 35

Chr() Function

If you wanted to enter or search for the pound key in a string, you would use the QTP Chr() function. This function will return the character associated with the code passed to it. For example,

Msgbox Chr(35)

will return the pound sign.

That's not all…

What about mouse and keyboard actions in UFT or QTP?

There may be a time when you actually need to perform mouse or keyboard actions using screen coordinates. For a step-by-step example of how to do this with QuickTest Professional or Unified Functional Testing check out:

QTP Secret Code Chart Revealed For DeviceReplay PressKey, KeyDown, KeyUp and PressNKeys

Or

3 Ways to use keyboard input in QuickTest Professional or Unified Functional Testing

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What about Sending Keyboard Keys using Selenium?

If you're using Selenium for your test automation and you need to pass a keypress as you do in QTP, you're in luck.

Selenium has a send_keys command to send a keypress.

First, you need to import the org.openqa.selenium.Keys; library. Then, when you create your script, use the

.sendKeys(Keys.ENUM) syntax.

Here are some valid values you can pass:

ADD ALT ARROW_DOWN ARROW_LEFT ARROW_RIGHT ARROW_UP BACK_SPACE CANCEL
CLEAR COMMAND CONTROL DECIMAL DELETE DIVIDE
DOWN END ENTER EQUALS ESCAPE F1
F10 F11 F12 F2 F3 F4
F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 HELP
HOME INSERT LEFT LEFT_ALT LEFT_CONTROL LEFT_SHIFT
META MULTIPLY NULL NUMPAD0 NUMPAD1 NUMPAD2
NUMPAD3 NUMPAD4 NUMPAD5 NUMPAD6 NUMPAD7 NUMPAD8
NUMPAD9 PAGE_DOWN PAGE_UP PAUSE RETURN RIGHT
SEMICOLON SEPARATOR SHIFT SPACE SUBTRACT TAB and UP

* For more advanced actions check out the Advanced User Interactions post on SeleniumHQ

* Make sure to also check out  3 ways to use keyboard input in QuickTest Professional: Type, SendKeys and Device Replay for other ideas similar to using the  ASCII methods.

* Entering/Reading ASCII codes – when using Unified Functional Testing, previously known as Quick Test Professional (QTP) – is sometimes needed to achieve certain functionality. (For Selenium, check out Send_Keys)

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}
ASCII

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